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Bordered by the picturesque Dandenong Ranges, Melbourne is set on the Yarra River at the top of Port Phillip bay.
The first settlers to arrive in Melbourne were Tasmanian settlers of British descent, Henry Batman and John Pascoe Fawkner, who arrived in Port Philip Bay in August 1835. By 1838 the European population consisted of 142 males and 35 females. By 1840, over 10,000 settlers were living in the vicinity of Melbourne, and by 1842 it was proclaimed a town. Melbourne grew quickly and in 1847 it was officially declared a city. The discovery of gold in Ballarat in 1851 sparked the biggest gold rush in Australia’s history, drawing an influx of fortune-hunting immigrants to the city. Melbourne flourished during that time and Victorian buildings sprung up throughout the city as a result of the sudden wealth bestowed upon it. Now with a population of 4 million, this lively city is home to almost 70% of Victoria’s population, and has the country’s fastest growing population.